This segment caters to students in the age group of 3 - 19 years, with most of the K - 12 institutions affiliated with education boards such as the Indian Council of Secondary Education (ICSE), the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), and State Boards.
Education in India is the joint responsibility of the central and state governments, and educational rights are provided for within the Constitution. Following the recommendations of the National Policy on Education (NPE) 1968 and subsequently in 1986, attempts are being made to adopt a common structure of schooling across the country. The general pattern adopted at the national level, commonly known as the 10+2+3 pattern, envisages a broad-based general education for all pupils during the first ten years of schooling.
The Indian education system comprises of various stages: Nursery, Primary, Secondary, Higher Secondary, Graduation and Post-Graduation. Some students go in different stream after Secondary for three years of Technical Education in Polytechnics or in Industrial Training Institutes (ITI). There are broadly four stages of pre-university school education in India. They are Lower Primary (class 1 – 5), Upper Primary (class 6 – 8), Secondary (class 9 – 10), and Higher Secondary (class 11 – 12). In general, Lower Primary and Upper Primary together are named ‘Middle School’; Middle School and Secondary together are named High School. Overall, schooling lasts for 12 years. The government is committed to ensuring universal free elementary education for all children aged 6 – 14 years of age.
- Department of School Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development
- National Council for Educational Reserach and Training (NCERT)
- Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)
- State Educational Boards
- State Council for Educational Research and Training (SCERT)